XBEE Enzyme Fuel Technology is a very to easy to use product to treat all types of fuels, from diesel oil to biofuel to heavy fuel oil, and the new recycled oils, VLSFO, etc.

Although it is easy to use, it is not always that easy to understand the science behind the technology. WIKIBEE is a source of knowledge about our enzyme fuel treatment, and you may sometimes encounter some scientific words and concepts that deserve some explanation. Here’s a lexicon of XBEE science:

Aromatic compounds

An aromatic hydrocarbon, also known as aromatic compound or aromaticity, contains a set of covalently-bound atoms with specific characteristics, such as benzene (six electrons, from three double bonds). This is usually considered to be because electrons are free to cycle around circular arrangements of atoms, which are alternately single- and double-bonded to one another. These bonds may be seen as a hybrid of a single bond and a double bond, each bond in the ring identical to every other.

Catalysis (enzyme)

It is the catalysis of chemical reactions by specialized proteins known as enzymes. Catalysis of biochemical reactions in the cell is vital due to the very low reaction rates of the uncatalysed reactions. The mechanism of enzyme catalysis is similar in principle to other types of chemical catalysis. By providing an alternative reaction route and by stabilizing intermediates the enzyme reduces the energy required to reach the highest energy transition state of the reaction. The reduction of activation energy increases the number of reactant molecules with enough energy to reach the activation energy and form the product.


They are small organic non-protein molecules that carry chemical groups between enzymes. Coenzymes are sometimes referred to as cosubstrates. These molecules are substrates for enzymes and do not form a permanent part of the enzymes’ structures. This distinguishes coenzymes from prosthetic groups, which are non-protein components that are bound tightly to enzymes. Both coenzymes and prosthetic groups are types of the broader group of cofactors.


A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound that is bound (either tightly or loosely) to an enzyme and is required for catalysis. They can be considered “helper molecules/ions” that assist in biochemical transformations. Certain substances such as water and various abundant ions may be bound tightly by enzymes, but are not considered to be cofactors since they are ubiquitous and rarely limiting. Some sources limit the use of the term “cofactor” to inorganic substances.


Convection is one of the major modes of heat transfer and mass transfer within fluids to the surface.

Covalent bond

This is a form of chemical bonding that is characterized by the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms, or between atoms and other covalent bonds. In short, attraction-to-repulsion stability that forms between atoms when they share electrons is known as covalent bonding.

The most common type of covalent bond is the single bond, the sharing of only one pair of electrons between two atoms. It usually consists of one sigma bond. All bonds with more than one shared pair are called multiple bonds: sharing two or three pairs is called a double bond or a triple bond.

The triple bond is quite rare in the nature, in Carbon Monoxide for instance. A special resonance case is exhibited in aromatic rings of atoms (for example, benzene). Aromatic rings are composed of atoms arranged in a circle (held together by covalent bonds) that may alternate between single and double bonds according to their Lewis Dot Structure. In actuality, the electrons tend to be disambiguously and evenly spaced within the ring. Electron sharing in aromatic structures is often represented with a ring inside the circle of atoms.


Biomolecules that catalyze chemical reactions. Almost all enzymes are proteins synthetized by living organisms (tree leaves in that case). Almost all processes in a biological cell need enzymes to occur at significant rates. Since enzymes are selective for their substrates and speed up only a few reactions from among many possibilities, the set of enzymes made in a cell determines which metabolic pathways occur in that cell.

Exothermic reaction

A reaction is considered as exothermic when it releases energy in the form of heat. The rate of reaction can increase, in turn causing heat to be evolved even more quickly. An explosion can result from the problem.


In biochemistry, a protein ligand is an atom, a molecule or an ion which can bind to a specific site (the binding site) on a protein. Interactions between any protein and its ligands are fundamental and essential for the protein to function properly.

Mass spectrometry (MS)

It is an analytical technique for the determination of the elemental composition of a sample or molecule. The MS principle consists of ionizing chemical compounds to generate charged molecules or molecule fragments and measurement of their mass-to-charge ratios.

In a typical MS procedure, a sample is loaded onto the MS instrument and its compounds are ionized by different methods (e.g., by impacting them with an electron beam), resulting in the formation of charged particles (ions). The mass-to-charge ratio of the particles is then calculated from the motion of the ions as they transit through electromagnetic fields.

Polycyclic or poly-nuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)

Chemical compounds that consist of fused aromatic rings and do not contain heteroatoms or carry substituents. PAHs occur in oil, coal, and tar deposits, and are produced as byproducts of fuel burning (whether fossil fuel or biomass). As a pollutant, they are of concern because some compounds have been identified as carcinogenic, mutagenic, and teratogenic. PAHs are also found in cooked foods, such as grilled meats, or in tobaccos.


Molecule that forms as a result of an enzyme catalysis reaction.


Molecule upon which an enzyme acts. The substrate binds with the enzyme active site, and an enzyme-substrate complex is formed. The substrate is broken down into a product and is released from the active site. The active site is now free to accept another substrate molecule.


Surfactants reduce the surface tension of water by absorbing at the liquid-gas interface. They also reduce the interfacial tension between oil and water by absorbing at the liquid-liquid interface. Many surfactants can also assemble in the bulk solution into aggregates.
The term surfactant is a blend of surface acting agent. Surfactants are usually organic compounds that are amphiphilic, meaning they contain both hydrophobic groups (their “tails”) and hydrophilic groups (their “heads”). Therefore, they are soluble in both organic solvents and water.

Surface tension

It is an attractive property of the surface of a liquid. It is what causes the surface portion of liquid to be attracted to another surface, such as that of another portion of liquid (as in connecting bits of water or as in a drop of mercury that forms a cohesive ball).